The presence of amblyopia in one of the eyes can actually be observed quite easily, in that this eye disorder does not merely lead to vision imparity, but also distinguishable eye appearance know as misaligned eyes. Since diagnosing the problem without professional advices is not definitely impossible, it is very important that amblyopic eye is treated as soon as the symptoms of the disorder appear.
Best time to treat amblyopia
Amblyopia generally occur from birth and hence, infants and children are more susceptible compared to adults. As this eye disorder occurs when the brain fails to acknowledge signals sent by the squinting eye, visions will likely be disturbed. Young children or infants that are suffering from amblyopia may not be able to follow object movements as well as focusing visions from both eyes properly. As a result, they will not be able to see clearly when one eye is covered.
In order to improve an amblyopic eye, initial diagnose and thus, treatments are required. Since the problem can be detected during infancy, treatments for amblyopia are suggested to be performed before the child reaches the age of two. Detection and treatments offered before this age is believed to provide best outcomes in correcting vision-related ability. If the problem fails to be corrected before the age of two, maximum outcomes from the treatments can still be offered before the child reaches the age 6, the lifespan in which vision ability develops significantly.
Can amblyopia be treated in adults?
It is often said that amblyopia treatments will not work for those suffering this problem during adulthood. In fact, amblyopia can still be treated during adulthood. However, the resulted outcomes may not be as great and significant as if the treatments are performed during childhood or infancy. Experts even state that the results of amblyopia treatments in adults are quite arbitrary. Some patients may restore their visions, while some others merely experience cosmetic-related results from amblyopia-correcting surgery. Most of the time, treatments of amblyopia after the age of 17 do not depend on the age, but rather, on the consistency of the performed treatments, such as the vision therapy.
Treating amblyopia in kids
To treat early symptoms of amblyopia, there are some things that can be performed to kids. Those include:
Correcting eye glasses or contact lenses
Although it is often said that amblyopia cannot be treated with eye glasses as well as contact lenses, there are numerous kids who are able to gain better vision through proper glasses and contact prescriptions. These correcting lenses help the eyes to focus on objects, so that they can be perceived more clearly.
Another treatment of amblyopia that can be performed to children is a constant and consistent eye patching. This is a treatment that involves covering the stronger eye with an eye patch, so that it will “force” the lazy eye to gain better communication with the brain. When the brain is able to receive and thus, respond to the eye’s optic signals, the effects of amblyopia can be minimized. Eye patching can be done at home after a discussion with a pediatrician or ophthalmologist. In most cases, eye patching is done to young children before the age of nine for two to four hours a day based on the doctor’s advice.
In children under the age of 9, eye surgery has a big impact in treating amblyopic eye, as their vision system has not been fully develop. Hence, proper and initial surgery can possibly restore their vision ability as well as correct the appearance of misaligned eyes cosmetically.
How to treat amblyopia in adults
Residual childhood amblyopia may persist to adulthood, causing the problem with the affected eye as well as the entire vision ability. Although often said to be more difficult to treat than childhood amblyopia, adult amblyopia can still be corrected with some treatments, such as:
Glasses with prisms are often used for adult amblyopic treatment, since this instrument can help correcting the patient’s eye focus, so that better vision can be gained and blurry images and vision can be minimized. However, the result of prism glasses may vary, depending on how severe your lazy eye status is.
This injection is used as an adult amblyopic treatment as it may help the eye muscle to constrict and contract more properly and thus promote better eye-focusing ability to see objects more clearly.
Although recommended to be done during childhood, amblyopia-correcting surgeries can also be done to adults with this eye problem. Surgeries for amblyopia correction employs certain suture techniques, so that it is possible to adjust the position of certain eye muscles to promote better focusing. Amblyopic surgeries in adults may or may not give improvement to the affected eye, as there are many factors that influence how it work, including the severity of the problem and how lazy the eye has been recently. Some adult patients find out that after the surgery they still have to wear correcting glasses or contact lenses to promote better vision, but they admit that the surgery has brought cosmetic-related improvement that increase their self-esteem and physical appearance previously affected by misaligned eyes resulted from amblyopia. Hence, there are many adults deciding to undergo the surgery for this purpose, making the procedure well known to have more cosmetic functions rather than vision-correcting ones.