Surgery for amblyopic eyes that is done before the children suffering from this problem reach the age of nine is researched to be the most effective treatment for lazy eye problems. The outcomes are likely to be satisfying, not to mention cosmetic benefits it provides. As lazy eyes are mostly caused by misaligned eyes and refractive errors, surgeries done before the children’s vision system is fully developed are able to improve both conditions, providing better vision ability to amblyopia sufferers.
Surgeries related to amblyopia problems
While in children amblyopia surgeries are said to be more effective, more advanced technology recently have increased the chance of improvement in adults undergoing these surgeries. In fact, the surgeries are not merely about the age of the sufferers, but may involve several other influencing factors. Although amblyopia-related surgeries are relatively low risk and rarely cause post-operative complications, there are many people who are concerned more about these possible risks than the potential improvement surgeries may give to an amblyopic eye and hence, decide to work on possible non-operative methods of amblyopia treatments.
Fixing lazy eyes without surgery
In the case of amblyopia, one eye has a better visual ability compared to the other. In children, whose brains have not developed fully, surgeries are researched as an effective treatment to improve the relationship between the brain and the affected eye, so that the brain starts to send optic signal to the amblyopic eye to improve visual ability. Quite in contrast, surgeries in adults used to be assumed ineffective, although with recent technology development and the facts about how brains really work, this is not definitely impossible.
In addition to surgeries, adult amblyopic eye is also advised to be treated with certain methods before any surgeries are performed. This non-surgery treatments can be helpful regarding the brain ability to be retrained. Thus, the treatments’ purposes are to get both eyes and the brain as a coordinating team and to improve its ability to promote better visual acuity.
How to fix amblyopia without surgery
There are some basic steps that can be employed in order to fix a lazy eye without involving any surgeries. Consistent treatments may give best results, although they also depend on several personal conditions of the patients.
- The initial, affordable, less side effects treatment to fix amblyopia is glasses wearing. The sufferers need to find the right lens or glasses that can help improve eye focus, especially of the affected eye. This is important as right lens prescription for the lazy eye will decrease the domination of the stronger one, so that the amblyopic eye can still receive optic signals from the brain and thus, may provide better teamwork focus with the “normal” eye.
- Using patching on the amblyopic eye also provides a most likely to succeed amblyopia treatment. This treatment is used mostly for amblyopic children, although in fact, adults can also be benefited. Eye patching that is used for covering an amblyopic eye for several hours a day—mostly 2 to 4 hours helps the weaker eye to develop in that covering the stronger eye with this patching forces the weaker one to work more hardly and properly. Frequent use of the amblyopic eye may be essential in boosting its visual acuity and ability to focus.
- Vision therapy is another treatment for lazy eyes that are performed without any surgical procedures. This is a type of physical therapy that is highly effective for amblyopia sufferers—children as well as adults. In addition to lazy eyes, this treatment also improves crossed eyes, double visions, and reading disabilities. Most vision therapies are performed to strengthen eye muscles, so that these muscles can provide better focusing ability that helps decreasing the risk of having double visions. This vision therapy is conducted under a doctor supervision. The most common device used for vision therapy is prism lenses. In addition, there are other medical instruments used for vision therapies, such as corrective lenses, therapeutic lenses, optical filters, computer software, or eye patches, which all have similar purposes of promoting better eye focus, eliminating double vision, and improving eye muscles work. Consistent vision therapies are known to benefit those who were once told to live with their existing lazy eyes.