Experts state that almost three percent of children in the United States are exposed to the problem of lazy eyes or amblyopia, which occurs because the brain does not acknowledge images seen by the affected eye. Amblyopia commonly affect one eye, but may reduce vision quality of both eyes. Although known as eye disorder that occurs during childhood, it is not impossible for amblyopia to affect adults as well. There are a large number of adults and senior citizens that appear to have this misaligned-eyes problem, which may or may not affect their quality of life.
Causes of lazy eye or amblyopia in adults
There are some risk factors that may lead to amblyopia in adults. Several risk factors are related to residual childhood amblyopia, while some others may occur during adulthood. Risk factors from childhood that may increase the risk of adulthood amblyopia include:
This is an eye disorder that is caused by an irregular shape of the retina. In astigmatic eye, the light coming into the eye cannot be focus right in the retina. Instead, the light falls either behind or in front the retina, causing blurry vision. Commonly, astigmatism can be treated with proper eye glasses or contact that are prescribed by an ophthalmologist. However, some astigmatism that is not treated properly during childhood may increase the risk of amblyopia during adulthood.
This is an eye disorder that causes clouding of the eye lens. Some cataracts are undergone by infants and children from birth, and are thus assumed to be hereditary. Prolonged cataract from childhood may lead to amblyopia in adults.
This eye disorder causes distant objects to appear normal, while nearby objects may be blurred. As one of refractive errors, long-sightedness also involve eye focus problem, which can develop into amblyopia when the sufferer reaches adulthood.
In children with squints, one eye looks straight, while another one may look off to the right, left, up, or down. As a result, the brain receives two images that can hardly be combined. In adults, the problem triggers double visions, while in children with developing eyes, the brain ignores the image produced by the squinting eye, forcing this eye to be lazy. If childhood squinting is ignored, lazy eye problem may persist to adulthood.
In addition to those childhood residual risk factors, lazy eyes may also be caused by other factors you are experiencing during adulthood or teenage years.
Eye injuries that happen during adulthood can possibly trigger the presence of refractive error or improper retina shape, which lead to eye problems and disorders. These problems may cause blurry or double visions, which if not well treated may develop into lazy eye problem.
Effects of lazy eye or amblyopia in adults
In addition to vision problem, amblyopia in adulthood may lead to several related problems. Lazy eye may cause blindness to the affected eye, although the other one remains strong and healthy. However, adults with amblyopia often can cope with their seeing or vision problems, but can hardly ignore social problems this eye disorder may trigger. Many people suffering from amblyopia, according to various researches state that people they are talking to are often distracted by their misaligned eyes that this problem affects their social interaction. Moreover, amblyopic people also experience certain difficulties of getting a job due to this eye disorder they are suffering from. The most common effects of lazy eye or amblyopia that occur during adulthood or teenage years are social interaction shut down, low self-confidence and self-esteem, and less employment opportunities.
This is one of the reasons why surgeries regarding adulthood amblyopia is believed to merely have cosmetic purpose. Adults with misaligned eyes tend to concern about how much this problem affect their life and appearance, so that they undergo the surgery to improve their visible misaligned eyes. Despite this, surgeries for amblyopia are also known to be able to help improve the quality of vision someone with the problem has. Although the vision may not be fully improved, surgeries may reduce the effects of blurry or double visions, as well as prevent the risk of having total blindness of the affected eye.