Eye surgeries are the most frequently-performed treatment for cataracts. There are in fact, a lot of people undergoing these surgeries and succeeded in improving their cataract-affected eyes. Despite this success rate of cataract surgeries, cataract surgeries also possess some potential side effects, which make some patients reconsider many factors before undergoing the surgery. As a matter of fact, cataract improvement surgeries are quite costly and may not be covered by certain insurances. Knowing how these surgeries and other kinds of cataract treatments improve eyes affected by cataracts might be able to help you decide which treatments of cataracts suit your vision problem the most.
How surgeries improve cataracts
Cataracts occur mainly as a result of natural aging process or injuries to the eye lens. Aging may cause the protein on the eye lens to clump up, layering the lens and thus, inhibits clear vision. Gradually, when untreated, these clumped protein develop and trigger worse problem to the eye lens, causing double visions and in some patients, lead to loss of vision. Quite similarly, injuries to the eye may cause changes or repositioning of the lens, which triggers cataracts.
When you are undergoing a cataract surgery, an incision to the retina will be performed, wherein the natural eye lens is replaced by an inserted artificial lens. When the affected eye heals and adjusts properly to this artificial lens, the affected sight will improve and since the cloudy layer of the eye lens is removed, the patient can see more clearly.
Cataract treatment options
As one of the most frequently performed surgeries, cataract surgeries have developed significantly recently. As a patient, you can decide which types of cataract surgeries you would like to have in order to have your cloudy eye lens improved.
- In conventional cataract surgeries, the surgeon makes the incision in the cornea with a diamond blade or hand-held metal. This incision is used as a way to gain access to the interior of the eye in order to break up and remove cataracts, that s located behind the eye’s natural lens. This cloudy eye lens is replaced with an artificial lens to help improve your vision, while the incision is made in certain ways, so that it does not require stitches and will eventually self-heal.
- In laser cataract surgeries, the surgeon uses an advanced-technology 3-D image of the eye to create a precise surgical plan. Laser cataract surgery will begin with lens fragmentation, in which incision is made and the lens is split into sections, to be softened using cross-hatch patterns on its surface. Afterwards, ultrasound is used and the cataracts are removed.
Which type of surgeries is safer?
Although conventional cataract surgeries mostly succeeded without complications, many people are still reluctant to undergo this procedure, as it is hard to imagine the eye of being incised. Recently, laser cataract surgeries are widely employed and is proven to provide safer, more precise procedures compared to the conventional one. With laser, incisions are always precisely the same and more precise lens opening done through laser cataract surgery will reduce the risk of having displaced lens. Although these may not exactly be gained by the conventional surgery, this traditional type of cataract surgery is less costly than the laser one. As the percentage of success of each surgery is more or less similar, the choice can be decided through a doctor-patient discussion, considering the conditions of the affected eye.
Other cataract treatment options
Basically, cataracts are not fast-progressing eye disorder. Some people are suffering from the problem for years without noticing or experiencing major changes to the affected eye lens. If the problem does not cause major bothers to your daily activities, you are not likely to require an immediate surgery. Wearing glasses to reduce your over-sensitivity to glare may help, and some natural home remedies may also be effective in inhibiting the cloudy lens problem from spreading and becoming worse. However, you might need to talk to the doctor to plan either a traditional or laser cataract surgery if your cloudy vision start to make you unable to write, read, sew, or even watch the TV conveniently, as the cataracts may have affected most of your eye lens.